Understanding septic tank systems is critical for homeowners. This article will give you all the information you need to make an educated decision about your home’s septic tank system. We’ll also discuss how to avoid problems. The most important thing is that your tank system is not a problem unless it’s causing problems.
Septic Tank System
One of the essential parts of a septic system is a well-designed drainage field. It must be protected from tree roots and vehicular traffic. Older systems may be incapable of handling grey waste. Modern septic tank systems require less maintenance.
Septic tanks are large, underground water-tight tanks where wastewater is treated. They hold gallons of sewage separated from microorganisms that can harm the environment. Lighter solids rise to the top of the tank while heavier solids settle to the bottom. Bacteria break down these heavier solids into sludge and gasses. Eventually, the water will filter out pollutants and return to the soil.
Functions Of A Septic Tank System
Modern septic systems use a separate dosing chamber between the main tank and drain field. A floating mechanism in the dosing chamber allows for the rise of effluent levels, which triggers a sump pump to pump the wastewater out in a prescribed amount. As the float lowers, the pump automatically shuts off, allowing the liquid in the tank to fall back to the correct level. Pumps can malfunction, so it’s essential to ensure your system is functioning properly.
A septic tank Orlando comprises three main parts: the sludge, the affluent, and the outlet pipe. The first two layers of waste materials settle at the bottom of the tank. The scum layer comprises lighter substances, such as greases and fats. The middle layer is composed of wastewater and waste particles. Finally, the bottom layer includes heavier solids that are less soluble in water or sludge. Bacteria in the tank break down these solids, resulting in clear effluent. Effluent is discharged to a drain field or a watercourse.
Maintenance Of A Septic Tank System
To ensure your septic tank is working correctly, you must know how to maintain it. Regular maintenance is essential, and there are many signs you need to look out for. Regular checks should help ensure your system functions correctly, such as slow drainage or gurgling sounds. You should also keep a copy of all maintenance reports, such as sludge layers, leaks, and possible damage. If you notice any of these signs, call a plumber for help.
In addition, avoid planting trees in the drain field. Tree roots can clog the pipes and affect the performance of septic tank systems. It is also essential to prevent excessive amounts of water from entering the drain field, reducing the efficiency of wastewater treatment. A watertight concrete riser makes it easier to access your tank. You should also avoid building heavy equipment near your drain field. Construction work can also damage your system, so keep it well away from it.
Problems With A Septic Tank System
One of the first signs of a problem with your septic tank system is a foul smell. For example, you may notice a rotten egg smell when you walk by the buried tank. The smell is caused by the toxic sulfur escaping the tank. Besides the foul smell, you may notice an increased odor when walking near the buried tank. If you’re experiencing these signs, you should call a professional to inspect the system.
A blockage is a typical septic tank problem. This usually occurs because of pressure built up in the system or because of an imperfection in the drainage system. Fortunately, you can fix this problem with the proper plumbing equipment without adding bacteria. However, you’ll need a professional plumber to get this problem fixed.